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Original Arduino Due - Retail

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The Arduino Due is a microcontroller board based on the Atmel SAM3X8E ARM Cortex-M3 CPU. It is the first Arduino board based on a 32-bit ARM core microcontroller.

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Arduino

Beschreibung

Details

Overview

The Arduino Due is a microcontroller board based on the Atmel SAM3X8E ARM Cortex-M3 CPU. It is the first Arduino board based on a 32-bit ARM core microcontroller. It has 54 digital input/output pins (of which 12 can be used as PWM outputs), 12 analog inputs, 4 UARTs (hardware serial ports), a 84 MHz clock, an USB OTG capable connection, 2 DAC (digital to analog), 2 TWI, a power jack, an SPI header, a JTAG header, a reset button and an erase button.

Warning: Unlike other Arduino boards, the Arduino Due board runs at 3.3V. The maximum voltage that the I/O pins can tolerate is 3.3V. Providing higher voltages, like 5V to an I/O pin could damage the board.

The board contains everything needed to support the microcontroller; simply connect it to a computer with a micro-USB cable or power it with a AC-to-DC adapter or battery to get started. The Due is compatible with all Arduino shields that work at 3.3V and are compliant with the 1.0 Arduino pinout.

The Due follows the 1.0 pinout:

  • TWI: SDA and SCL pins that are near to the AREF pin.
  • The IOREF pin which allows an attached shield with the proper configuration to adapt to the voltage provided by the board. This enables shield compatibility with a 3.3V board like the Due and AVR-based boards which operate at 5V.
  • An unconnected pin, reserved for future use.
 

ARM Core benefits

The Due has a 32-bit ARM core that can outperform typical 8-bit microcontroller boards. The most significant differences are:

  • A 32-bit core, that allows operations on 4 bytes wide data within a single CPU clock.
  • CPU Clock at 84Mhz.
  • 96 KBytes of SRAM.
  • 512 KBytes of Flash memory for code.
  • a DMA controller, that can relieve the CPU from doing memory intensive tasks.

Summary

Microcontroller   AT91SAM3X8E
Operating Voltage   3.3V
Input Voltage (recommended)   7-12V
Input Voltage (limits)   6-16V
Digital I/O Pins   54 (of which 12 provide PWM output)
Analog Input Pins   12
Analog Outputs Pins   2 (DAC)
Total DC Output Current on all I/O lines   130 mA
DC Current for 3.3V Pin   800 mA
DC Current for 5V Pin   800 mA
Flash Memory   512 KB all available for the user applications
SRAM   96 KB (two banks: 64KB and 32KB)
Clock Speed   84 MHz

 

Input and Output

  • Digital I/O: pins from 0 to 53 
    Each of the 54 digital pins on the Due can be used as an input or output, using pinMode(), digitalWrite(), and digitalRead()functions. They operate at 3.3 volts. Each pin can provide (source) a current of 3 mA or 15 mA, depending on the pin, or receive (sink) a current of 6 mA or 9 mA, depending on the pin. They also have an internal pull-up resistor (disconnected by default) of 100 KOhm. In addition, some pins have specialized functions:
  • Serial: 0 (RX) and 1 (TX)
  • Serial 1: 19 (RX) and 18 (TX)
  • Serial 2: 17 (RX) and 16 (TX)
  • Serial 3: 15 (RX) and 14 (TX) 
    Used to receive (RX) and transmit (TX) TTL serial data (with 3.3 V level). Pins 0 and 1 are connected to the corresponding pins of the ATmega16U2 USB-to-TTL Serial chip.
  • PWM: Pins 2 to 13 
    Provide 8-bit PWM output with the analogWrite() function. the resolution of the PWM can be changed with the analogWriteResolution() function.
  • SPI: SPI header (ICSP header on other Arduino boards) 
    These pins support SPI communication using the SPI library. The SPI pins are broken out on the central 6-pin header, which is physically compatible with the Uno, Leonardo and Mega2560. The SPI header can be used only to communicate with other SPI devices, not for programming the SAM3X with the In-Circuit-Serial-Programming technique. The SPI of the Due has also advanced features that can be used with the Extended SPI methods for Due.
  • CAN: CANRX and CANTX 
    These pins support the CAN communication protocol but are not not yet supported by Arduino APIs.
  • "L" LED: 13 
    There is a built-in LED connected to digital pin 13. When the pin is HIGH, the LED is on, when the pin is LOW, it's off. It is also possible to dim the LED because the digital pin 13 is also a PWM outuput.
  • TWI 1: 20 (SDA) and 21 (SCL)
  • TWI 2: SDA1 and SCL1. 
    Support TWI communication using the Wire library.
  • Analog Inputs: pins from A0 to A11 
    The Due has 12 analog inputs, each of which can provide 12 bits of resolution (i.e. 4096 different values). By default, the resolution of the readings is set at 10 bits, for compatibility with other Arduino boards. It is possible to change the resolution of the ADC with analogReadResolution(). The Due’s analog inputs pins measure from ground to a maximum value of 3.3V. Applying more then 3.3V on the Due’s pins will damage the SAM3X chip. The analogReference() function is ignored on the Due.

The AREF pin is connected to the SAM3X analog reference pin through a resistor bridge. To use the AREF pin, resistor BR1must be desoldered from the PCB.

  • DAC1 and DAC2 
    These pins provides true analog outputs with 12-bits resolution (4096 levels) with the analogWrite() function. These pins can be used to create an audio output using the Audio library.

Other pins on the board:

  • AREF 
    Reference voltage for the analog inputs. Used with analogReference().
  • Reset 
    Bring this line LOW to reset the microcontroller. Typically used to add a reset button to shields which block the one on the board.

Physical Characteristics and Shield Compatibility

The maximum length and width of the Arduino Due PCB are 4 and 2.1 inches respectively, with the USB connectors and power jack extending beyond the former dimension. Three screw holes allow the board to be attached to a surface or case. Note that the distance between digital pins 7 and 8 is 160 mil (0.16"), not an even multiple of the 100 mil spacing of the other pins.

The Arduino Due is designed to be compatible with most shields designed for the Uno, Diecimila or Duemilanove. Digital pins 0 to 13 (and the adjacent AREF and GND pins), analog inputs 0 to 5, the power header, and "ICSP" (SPI) header are all in equivalent locations. Further the main UART (serial port) is located on the same pins (0 and 1). Please note that I2C is not located on the same pins on the Due (20 and 21) as the Duemilanove / Diecimila (analog inputs 4 and 5).

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